Guidance based on result and risk profile (with additional resources):
As you get older, your risk for severe illness from COVID-19 increases. The greatest risk for severe illness from COVID-19 is amongst those aged 70 or older. What can you do to protect yourself?
Know how it spreads
- There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Laboratories around the world are currently trialling vaccines against COVID-19.
- The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
- The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to person;
- Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 2 metres)
- Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, or talks
- These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.
- Studies have suggested that COVID-19 can be spread by people who are not showing symptoms.
Wash your hands often
- Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose or coughing.
- If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitiser that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.
Avoid close contact
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick. If possible, maintain 2 metres of distance between the person who is sick and other household members. When out and about try to maintain 2 metres between yourself and other individuals not from your household.
Cover your mouth and nose with a mask when around others
- You could spread COVID-19 to others even if you do not feel sick
- The mask is meant to protect other people in case you are infected
- Everyone should wear a mask in public settings and when around people who don’t live in your household, especially when social distancing measures are difficult to maintain.
- Check government guidance on exemptions for groups who do not have to wear masks: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/face-coverings-when-to-wear-one-and-how-to-make-your-own
- Continue to keep about 2metres between yourself and others. The mask is not a substitute for social distancing.
- Always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or use the inside of your elbow and do not spit.
- Throw used tissues in the trash
- Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not readily available, clean your hands with a hand sanitiser that contains at least 60% alcohol.
Clean and disinfect
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets and sinks.
- If surfaces are dirty, clean them. Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.
- Then use a household disinfectant. Most common EPA-registered household disinfectant will work.
Monitor your daily health:
- Be alert of symptoms. Watch for fever (temperature 37.8C or above), new or persistent cough, shortness of breath, loss of taste or smell or any other unusual symptoms
- Be familiar with your local service and location to self-refer for COVID-19 testing.
- If you are uncertain then ring 111 or ring your GP. DO NOT attend the local A&E department or your GP surgery.