Guidance based on result and risk profile (with additional resources):


As you get older, your risk for severe illness from COVID-19 increases. The greatest risk for severe illness from COVID-19 is amongst those aged 70 or older. What can you do to protect yourself?

Know how it spreads

  • There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Laboratories around the world are currently trialling vaccines against COVID-19.
  • The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
  • The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to person;
  • Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 2 metres)
  • Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, or talks
  • These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.
  • Studies have suggested that COVID-19 can be spread by people who are not showing symptoms.

Wash your hands often

  • Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose or coughing.
  • If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitiser that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.

Avoid close contact

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick. If possible, maintain 2 metres of distance between the person who is sick and other household members. When out and about try to maintain 2 metres between yourself and other individuals not from your household.

Cover your mouth and nose with a mask when around others

  • You could spread COVID-19 to others even if you do not feel sick
  • The mask is meant to protect other people in case you are infected
  • Everyone should wear a mask in public settings and when around people who don’t live in your household, especially when social distancing measures are difficult to maintain.
  • Check government guidance on exemptions for groups who do not have to wear masks:
  • Continue to keep about 2metres between yourself and others. The mask is not a substitute for social distancing.

Cover coughs

  • Always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or use the inside of your elbow and do not spit.
  • Throw used tissues in the trash
  • Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not readily available, clean your hands with a hand sanitiser that contains at least 60% alcohol.

Clean and disinfect

  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets and sinks.
  • If surfaces are dirty, clean them. Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.
  • Then use a household disinfectant. Most common EPA-registered household disinfectant will work.

Monitor your daily health:

  • Be alert of symptoms. Watch for fever (temperature 37.8C or above), new or persistent cough, shortness of breath, loss of taste or smell or any other unusual symptoms
  • Be familiar with your local service and location to self-refer for COVID-19 testing.
  • If you are uncertain then ring 111 or ring your GP. DO NOT attend the local A&E department or your GP surgery.